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09.27.16 409 and cubs LR17

409 9/27/16

Adult Female

Year First Identified:  1999 as a subadult

Offspring Of:  Unknown

Known Litters of Cubs:  4

Darting Attempts:  409 Beadnose was successfully darted by Ranger Michael Saxton in both 2016 and 2017. She was also successfully sampled in 2005 or 2006 when a hair sample was obtained by former wildlife biologist Tamara Olson.

PLEASE NOTE:  409 Beadnose's wiki page is under construction.  It is currently being completed as time permits.  (May 22, 2018 ~ LTC)

Identification:

2014 & 2015 Bears of Brooks River books:  409 has a long, straight muzzle with a slightly upturned nose and a medium-large body.  She has a light to medium-brown coat with wide-set, blonde ears.  She is often confused with bear #408, especially in September and October.  From 2009-2011, #409 was single and this may be a major reason why #409 has grown into one of the fattest females to be seen in the fall. Her size can easily be compared with females caring for cubs. Raising offspring is very energetically taxing for bears. Females with offspring must sacrifice body fat to raise cubs. #409, in recent years, has been able to devote more energy to her own survival as her overall size indicates.

2016 Bears of Brooks River book:  409 has a long, straight muzzle with a slightly upturned nose and a medium to large body. She has a light to medium brown coat with wide-set, blond ears. In the fall, she is often very fat and her coat is a uniform brown, but her ears remain very blond.   When she is not raising cubs, this bear is usually one of the fattest females in the fall. In those years, her size can easily be compared with females caring for cubs. Raising offspring is very energetically taxing for bears. Females with offspring must sacrifice body fat to raise cubs. #409, in recent years, has been able to devote more energy to her own survival as her overall size indicates

Distinctive Behaviors:

2014 Bears of Brooks River book:  409 is frequently seen along Brooks River.  Like #410, 409 appears habituated to the presence of humans and will use areas near people to rest, travel and feed.   

2015 Bears of Brooks River book:  409 is frequently seen along Brooks River in July and in the fall. 

2016 Bears of Brooks River book:  At Brooks River, she can fish successfully in many places such as the lip and far pool at Brooks Falls as well as the river mouth.

Life History:

1999:

409 Beadnose was initially classified as an independent subadult in 1999.

2002:

July 2002:

October 2002:

2004:

409 Beadnose returned to the Brooks River with her 1st known litter, 1 spring cub. She could be seen with the cub latched onto her back as she swam across the river, and for that reason, this cub was dubbed "Velcro"...the original "Velcro".  

2005:

July 2005:

2005.07.14: 

Could this be 409 Beadnose with her yearling captured by Mullenphotography?:  Photo #1 & Photo #2  

Could this be 409 Beadnose's yearling captured by Mullenphotography?:  Photo #1 

Could this be 409 Beadnose and her yearling with an adult male bear captured by Mullenphotography?:  Photo #1 & Photo #2 

2005.07.15:

Could this be 409 Beadnose with her yearling captured by George Georgiou?:  Photo #1 , Photo #2 & Photo #3

We have requested information from the rangers regarding if 409 Beadnose and her 2004 offspring remained as a family group in 2005 and if the cub was successfully emancipated in 2006.

2007:

409 Beadnose returned to the Brooks River with her second known litter of cubs, 3 spring cubs, but was soon observed with only two cubs.  130 Tundra and Arctic are the offspring from this litter.  130 Tundra was easily recognizable into independent subadulthood due to a scar on her forehead.  

June 2007:

2007.06.24:  Ranger Jeanne's photos of 409 Beadnose with her 3 spring cubs:  Photo #1 & Photo #2

2007.06.25:  Ranger Jeanne's photo of 409 Beadnose with her 3 spring cubs.

July 2007:

2007.07.17:  Ranger Jeanne's photo of 409 Beadnose and 1 of her spring cubs.

September 2007:

2008:

409 Beadnose returned to Brooks River with the two remaining yearlings from her 2007 litter of cubs.  She raised these two surviving cubs through 2008.

June 2008:

2008.06.08:  Ranger Roy's photo of 409 Beadnose with one of her yearlings (130 Tundra or Arctic).  Ranger Roy's photo of 130 Tundra, one of 409 Beadnose's 2008 yearlings.  

June / July 2008:

Park visitor, Waejae, captured this video of 409 Beadnose and her two yearlings (130 Tundra and Arctic) in June or July of 2008:

Brooks Falls Grizzlies June July 2008 by Waejae

Brooks Falls Grizzlies June July 2008 by Waejae

July 2008:

2008.07.02:  Park visitor, Randy Harris captured this photo of 409 Beadnose with 130 Tundra.

2008.07.11:  Ranger Jeanne's photo of 409 Beadnose.  


2009:

409 Beadnose was a single female.  

July 2009:

2009.07.11:  Ranger Roy's photo of 409 Beadnose.

2009.07.14:  Ranger Roy's photos of 409 Beadnose, Queen of the Riffles:  Photo #1 , Photo #2 & Photo #3

September 2009:

2009.09.19:

2010:

409 Beadnose was a single female.

July 2010:

On March 13, 2018 former KNP&P ranger Mike Fitz shared this July 2010 photo of 409 Beadnose (foreground) and 408 CC aka Crooked Claw (standing in the background) .  

2010.07.06:  Ranger Roy's photo of 409 Beadnose.

2011:

409 Beadnose was a single female.

July 2011:

2011.07.05:  Ranger Jeanne's photo of 409 Beadnose.

2012:  

409 Beadnose was included in the 2012 Brown Bars of Brooks River iBook:

409 Beadnose returned to the Brooks River with 3 spring cubs in 2012, her 3rd known litter.  The largest of the 3 cubs was a female, now believed to be 500 Indy.  The medium sized cub was a male and the smallest (the runt) was a female.

August 2012:

2013:

409 Beadnose returned to the Brooks River with 3 yearlings.  The largest of the yearlings was a female and is now believed to be 500 Indy.  The medium sized yearling was a male and the smallest (the runt) was a female.  

June 2013:

2013.06.29:  409 Beadnose with 3 yearlings video by Martina:

409 Beadnose with 3 yearlings

409 Beadnose with 3 yearlings. June 29, 2013 by Martina

July 2013:

Meet 409 Beadnose and yearlings video by Explore:

Meet Beadnose and cubs 2013 video by Explore-0

Meet Beadnose and cubs 2013 video by Explore-0

Park visitor, Eva Thiemann, captured this video of 409 Beadnose and her 3 yearlings.:
Bear cubs fighting for salmon (409 Beadnose & yearlings) July 2013 video by Eva Thiemann-0

Bear cubs fighting for salmon (409 Beadnose & yearlings) July 2013 video by Eva Thiemann-0

2013.07.11:  Park visitor, Christoph Strässler, captured these photos of 409 Beadnose and her yearlings:  Photo #1 , Photo #2 (3 yearlings only) , Photo #3 (3 yearlings only) , Photo #4 (3 yearlings only) , Photo #5 , Photo #6 , Photo #7 , & Photo #8

2013.07.19:

17:30:  409 Beadnose with her 3 yearlings video by MsDebbiB.  This video provides views from both the River Watch cam (located beneath the Brooks Falls wildlife viewing platform) and the Brooks Falls cam (located at deck level of the Brooks Falls wildlife viewing platform).:

Momma Beadnose with her 3 cubs at 530pm July 19, 2013 video by MsDebbiB-0

Momma Beadnose with her 3 cubs at 530pm July 19, 2013 video by MsDebbiB-0

2013.07.20:

15:33:  409 Beadnose and 3 yearlings video by MsDebbiB:

Beadnose fishing while the 3 cubs wait 3 33PM July 20, 2013 by MsDebbiB

Beadnose fishing while the 3 cubs wait 3 33PM July 20, 2013 by MsDebbiB

2013.07.23:  409 Beadnose and her 3 yearlings video by MsDebbiB:
Beadnose and her Three Cub's get scared off July 23, 2013 by MsDebbiB

Beadnose and her Three Cub's get scared off July 23, 2013 by MsDebbiB

August 2013:

2013.08.24:

14:39:  Riverrock's snapshots of 409 Beadnose's "sweet fluffy cubs":  Snapshot #1 , Snapshot #2 , & Snapshot #3

Ranger Mike shared some information about 409's yearlings and yearlings nursing in general:

"You might still see them nursing, although the cubs are relying less and less on mother's milk for nutrition as they grow.

From what I saw of them, they all put on weight since July."


2013.08.30:  On August 30, 2013 cam viewers were able to observe 409 Beadnose and her 3 yearlings for an extended period of time.  On August 31, 2013, Ranger Mike commented about the behavior of 409's family group at that time:

"It seems like many of you got to watch several bears yesterday for an extended period of time, especially 409 Beadnose and her three yearlings.

Did you notice how the smaller yearling in that litter behaves differently than it’s larger siblings? The larger yearlings seem to more actively pursue their mother and take fish from her. She will nurse them, but mother bears won’t bring food to their cubs. The cubs have to compete with one another for access to other food sources, like the fish that 409 catches. In most instances, it seems like the larger cubs (one of which is probably a male) are willing to pursue mom to get fish while the smaller cub won’t.

This is an example of how bears are individuals, even at a young age. As they grow, differences in disposition may even become more obvious."

September 2013:

2014:

409 Beadnose was included in the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book on page 36:

409 was a single female in 2014.  It is believed that 409 successfully emancipated all three cubs from her 2012 litter in early 2014.  500 Indy is believed to be the largest of those offspring.  On July 4, 2014 two small subadults were observed together and were to believed to be the two largest offspring from her 2012 litter.  On August 31, 2014 Ranger Jeanne and Ranger Mike observed a small subadult at Margot Creek that closely resembled 409's smallest offspring from her 2012 litter.  

July 2014:

2014.07.02:  Cam Op Anna-Marie captured this snapshot of 409 Beadnose:

2014.07.07:  409 Beadnose's fish is pirated by another bear (274 Overflow?) in this video by JB Grace.  The bear (274?) climbs falls to steal fish from Beadnose THREE times. Upon the fourth attempt, Beadnose runs away with her fish - with thief in tow:

Katmai bear stealing fish from Beadnose bear 409 July 7, 2014 by JB Grace

Katmai bear stealing fish from Beadnose bear 409 July 7, 2014 by JB Grace

2014.07.16:  409 Beadnose falls of the lip of Brooks Falls in this video by JB Grace.  634 Popeye is the bear below the falls in this video.  

409 Beadnose goes over the falls July 16, 2014 by JB Grace

409 Beadnose goes over the falls July 16, 2014 by JB Grace

September 2014:

2014.09.18:  409 Beadnose on Spit Road video by JoeBear:

Big Beadnose rumbles down the road September 18, 2014 by JoeBear

Big Beadnose rumbles down the road September 18, 2014 by JoeBear

2015:

409 Beadnose was included in the 2015 Bears of Brooks River book on page 38:

409 Beadnose was a single female in 2015.

2015 photo of 409 Beadnose (near, left) and her niece, 128 Grazer (far, right) fishing the lip of Brooks Falls can be seen in Mike Fitz' October 6, 2016 blog, When Mother Bears Collide .  

June 2015:

2015.06.27:  Ranger Mike captured these photos of 409 Beadnose:  Photo #1 & Photo #2

July 2015:

2015.07.01:  Ranger Mike captured these photos of 409 Beadnose:  Photo #1 & Photo #2

2015.07.02:  KNP&P volunteer, park visitor, and cam op, Anna-Marie, captured this photo of 409 Beadnose:

Please request Anna-Marie's permission prior to using her photos!

2015.07.10:  Park visitor and cam viewer, Carla Farris observed an interaction between 409 Beadnose and 128 Grazer:  Carla shares this experience in her June 15. 2016 comment  and includes this photo collage : "Here are some shots of a little squabble between Beadnose and Grazer that I was lucky enough to get the very first day last year! Beadnose was catching a lot of salmon and she was starting to just eat small amounts, so Grazer decided she would take advantage of that so as Beadnose started to step away, Grazer grabbed at the salmon. Beadnose then decided maybe she wasn't done with it quite yet! It was a great way to start off our trip. Hope we get the chance to experience more moments like this."


2015.07.12:  409 Beadnose on lip with an itch video by Lyn Gulbransen:

Beadnose had an itch! July 12, 2015 by Lyn Gulbransen

Beadnose had an itch! July 12, 2015 by Lyn Gulbransen

2015.07.19:  Ranger Mike's photo of 505 stealing a fish from 409 Beadnose.

2015.07.28:  Ranger Mike's photo of 128 Grazer, 409 Beadnose, 868 Wayne Brother, and 505 on the lip.

2015.07.29:  409 Beadnose falls off the lip of the falls and is attacked by 402 as she attempts to make her way back up to the lip of the falls when she approaches the fish ladder area and gets to close to 402 and her spring cubs in this video by Margaret Saint Clair.

Beadnose falls off falls and is attacked by 402 shortened July 29, 2015 by Margaret Saint Clair

Beadnose falls off falls and is attacked by 402 shortened July 29, 2015 by Margaret Saint Clair

September 2015:

2015.09.06:  Ranger Mike's photo of 409 Beadnose.

2015.09.23:  Ranger Mike's photo of 409 Beadnose.


2015.09.24:   410, 409 Beadnose, and 32 Chunk on Spit Road videos: Mickey Williams' video :

410, 409 Beadnose, and 32 Chunk walking on Spit Road Katmai National Park 9 24 2015 by Mickey Williams

410, 409 Beadnose, and 32 Chunk walking on Spit Road Katmai National Park 9 24 2015 by Mickey Williams

JoeBear's video :
Katmai Birthday Party 09 24 2015 video by JoeBear

Katmai Birthday Party 09 24 2015 video by JoeBear

Martina's video :

Explore org bearcams LR 9-24-2015 by Martina

Explore org bearcams LR 9-24-2015 by Martina

October 2015:

2015.10.13:  409 Beadnose wins the 2015 Fat Bear Contest :

2016:

409 Beadnose was included in the 2016 Bears of Brooks River book on page 45:

July 2016:

September 2016:

2017:

409 Beadnose was included in the 2017 Bears of Brooks River book on page 50:

In 2017, park visitor, Karen Perry, captured video of 409 Beadnose successfully fishing the lip.  While 409 consumes her catch on the lip, one of her yearlings gets in a little nursing in.

June 2017:  

2017.06.21:  The beginning of the 2017 bearcam season came with a ROAR (well a few of them).  Turn the volume up for this one!  409 Beadnose and her niece, 128 Grazer have an encounter on the north shore of the Brooks River.  409's cubs are in the grasses and 128's cubs are treed; 128 Grazer eventually calls her cubs down from the tree.  Video by Flyer 7474 (aka Steve CA):

128 & 409 2017-06-21 by Flyer 7474 (aka Steve CA)

128 & 409 2017-06-21 by Flyer 7474 (aka Steve CA)

September 2017:

2017.09.??:  Park visitor and cam viewer, MollyGee-TX , captured this photo of 409 Beadnose.  This photo provides a great view of the "growths" that appear on 409 Beadnose's eyes.  Other bears, like 435 Holly, also have similar "growths" on their eyes.  We have requested additional information from the rangers on these "growths".

Please request MollyGee-TX's permission prior to using her photos!

2018:

May 2018:

2018.05.22 or PRIOR:  409 Beadnose was observed and identified with her two 2.5 year-old cubs per KNP&P's May 22, 2018 10:05 Facebook post with photo of the family group courtesy of R. Taylor.:

"Bear update: bear 409 has been identified for the first time this season!

She is still accompanied by her two 2.5 year old cubs, her fourth litter. 409 can be identified by her dark chocolate-brown coat and blonde ears.

Photo courtesy of R. Taylor
[Image description: a brown bear sow with two large cubs grazing in grass]"



2018.05.24 - 2018.05.30:  128 Grazer with her two 2.5 year-old cubs and 409 Beadnose with her two 2.5 year-old cubs were observed on Spit Road the week of May 24, 2018 - May 30, 2018 NPS photo courtesy of R. Taylor via KNP&P's June 1, 2018 06:01 Facebook post :

June 2018:

2018.06.06 & FEW DAYS PRIOR: 409 Beadnose was courted by 856 June 6, 2018 and the few days prior per Mike Fitz' June 6, 2018 Explore.org blog: Brooks River Bear Mating Season :

"Over the past few days at Brooks River, one of the area’s most dominant bears, 856, has been incessantly following the adult female 409 Beadnose. 409, many bearcam viewers may remember, raised two yearling cubs last summer, and she was seen with them earlier this spring. Now however, we know she has emancipated her cubs and is once again single. 856, perhaps more than anyone, knows this as well, and his proximity to Beadnose reveals his amorous intentions."

July 2018:

2018.07.06:  409 Beadnose had an eventful day on the lip...well, and slipping off:

Xander-Sage-2 created this gif of 409 slipping off the lip of the falls into the jacuzzi where 480 Otis was fishing.  128 Grazer was the other bear on the lip with 409.  

Erum Chad (aka Erie) captured this video :

Bear 409 Beadnose fell into J Brooks Falls 2018 07 06 by Erum Chad (aka Erie)-0

Bear 409 Beadnose fell into J Brooks Falls 2018 07 06 by Erum Chad (aka Erie)-0

2018.07.08:  634 Popeye chases 409 Beadnose in an attempt to steal her fish, video by tsaneda (aka Shovelbum81):

Run, Beady, Run! 8Jul2018 409 Beadnose & 634 Popeye by tsaneda (aka ShovelBum81)

Run, Beady, Run! 8Jul2018 409 Beadnose & 634 Popeye by tsaneda (aka ShovelBum81)

Known Courting & Mating:

2018:

856 Courting:

409 Beadnose was courted by 856 June 6, 2018 and the few days prior per Mike Fitz' June 6, 2018 Explore.org blog: Brooks River Bear Mating Season :

"Over the past few days at Brooks River, one of the area’s most dominant bears, 856, has been incessantly following the adult female 409 Beadnose. 409, many bearcam viewers may remember, raised two yearling cubs last summer, and she was seen with them earlier this spring. Now however, we know she has emancipated her cubs and is once again single. 856, perhaps more than anyone, knows this as well, and his proximity to Beadnose reveals his amorous intentions."

409 Beadnose was observed being courted by 856 on the morning of June 16, 2018 per Ranger Russ' June 16, 2018 10:35 comment :  

"Good morning from Alaska. I'll be here the next half hour should you have any questions. Yes, we do expect to have the bearcams to be running and the Bear Book out by next week.

There were no bear sightings yesterday. This morning 856 was seen pursuing 409. I was not able to make a photograph, but it was confirmed by several people that they were the bears seen."

Known Litters of Cubs:

2004:  1 Spring Cub, 1st Litter

In 2004, 409 Beadnose returned to the Brooks River with her 1st known litter of 1 spring cub.  This cub was the original "Velcro".  

2005:  1 Yearling?  (Requested information from rangers re: 2004 offspring in 2005 & after)

Could this be 409 Beadnose and her yearling captured July 14, 2005 in this photo by Mullenphotography ?

2007:  3 Spring Cubs, 2nd Litter, At least 1 female (130 Tundra & Arctic)

In 2007, 409 Beadnose returned to the Brooks River with her 2nd known litter of 3 spring cubs, but soon lost one.  One of the cubs was a female that was later independently identified as 130 Tundra.  Another cub from this litter was known as "Arctic".  "Arctic" was never independently identified as a subadult.  

2008:  2 Remaining Yearlings, 2nd Litter

409 Beadnose raised 130 Tundra and "Arctic" through 2008.

2009:  2 2.5 Year-Old Offspring Successfully Emancipated

130 Tundra (female) and "Arctic" were successfully emancipated by 409 Beadnose in 2009.

2012:  3 Spring Cubs, 3rd Litter, 2 Females & 1 Male (500 Indy & Possibly 717)

In 2012, 409 Beadnose returnd to the Brooks River with her 3rd known litter, 2 females & 1 male spring cub.  The largest and smallest were females.  The middle-sized cub was a male.

2013:  3 Yearlings, 3rd Litter, 2 Females & 1 Male

In 2013, 409 Beadnose and her 3 yearlings remained as a family group.  The largest and smallest were females.  The middle-sized yearling was a male.

2014:  3 2.5 Year-Old Offspring Successfully Emancipated

In 2014, it is believed that 409 Beadnose successfully emancipated her 3 2.5 year-old offspring.  500 Indy is believed to be the largest of 409's offspring from this litter.  There is speculation that 717 is the female runt from 409 Beadnose's 2012 litter.  

2016:  2 Spring Cubs, 4th Litter, 2 Females

In 2016, 409 Beadnose returned to the Brooks River with her 4th known litter, 2 female spring cubs.

2017:  2 Yearlings, 4th Litter, 2 Females

In 2017, 409 Beadnose and her 2 female yearlings remained as a family group.

2018:  2 2.5 Year-Old Cubs, 4th Litter, 2 Females

In 2018, 409 Beadnose returned to the Brooks River with her 2 female 2.5 year-old cubs on or before May 22, 2018. 

Known Relatives:

Sibling:  408 CC (Crooked Claw)

408 CC (aka Crooked Claw) is believed to be 409 Beadnose's sibling.

2004 Offspring:  "Velcro" (The original "Velcro")

409 Beadnose had 1 spring cub that was observed with this cub latched across her back as she swam across the Brooks River.  This cub was known as "Velcro"....the original Velcro.

2007 Offspring:  130 Tundra & Arctic

130 Tundra and Arctic (individual identification number not known) are believed to be 409 Beadnose's 2007 offspring.

2012 Offspring:  500 Indy

500 Indy is believed to be the largest offspring from 409 Beadnose's 2012 litter of 3 spring cubs.  The middle sized cub from 409's 2012 litter was a male and the smallest (runt) was a female.  

Darting Attempts:

2016:

409 Beadnose was successfully darted by Ranger Michael Saxton for the genetics study in 2016.

2017:

409 Beadnose was successfully darted by Ranger Michael Saxton for the genetics study in 2017.







NEED TO INCLUDE: 409 BEADNOSE AND 408 CC (CROOKED CLAW) PHOTO BY MIKE FITZ.  MIKE POSTED 2018.03.13 18:52.  COMMENT LINK: MIKE FITZ 2018.03.13 18:52 COMMENT     PHOTO LINK:  409 BEADNOSE (NEAR) w 408 CC (FAR)  ADDITIONAL INFO re PHOTO & 408 / 409 IN THESE MIKE FITZ COMMENTS:  LINK TO ADD'L INFO COMMENTS



Adult female bear

ID Marks and Hints:

409 is a large adult female bear. In the summer, she often appears to have a medium brown to gray coat as she sheds her winter fur. However, her ears are blonde tipped. With brown claws, she often transforms into a medium to dark brown bear by fall. Her ears, however, remain with their blonde tips, which is an easy identifier for this ear. 409 also has an upturned nose which appears to be "beaded" at the tip and lends itself to her nickname of "Beadnose"

Life History:

409 was first identified as a subadult in 2009 and is widely believed to be a sibling of female Bear #408. Often times, especially in the fall, 409 and 408 would often be confused with one another. When not caring for cubs, 409 tends to be one of the fattest bears during the fall along the Brooks River. During the summer months, 409 becomes the poster bear for the iconic shot of a bear catching a fish in its mouth on the lip of Brooks Falls.

409 is a master lip fisher and can be seen standing atop the falls with her signature move of lifting her right front paw up while she's awaiting the jumping salmon. When the salmon jump, she uses her powerful jaw to snatch the fish, but also her right front paw to help hold the fish in her mouth. It almost seems as though 409 can get "frustrated" or "impatient" at times when unsuccessfully fishing the lip as she will use that raised right front paw to "slap" at the water.

During the fall months, and when she is caring for cubs, she is often seen down in the Lower River near the mouth of Brooks River where it flows into Naknek Lake, or walking along the Spit.

409 has had 4 known litters of cubs (2004, 2007, 2012 and 2016) that have produced a known total of 9 cubs. She is believed to be the mother of Bear #130 Tundra (2007 litter) and Bear #500 Indy (2012 litter).

In 2015, 409 won the Fat Bear Tuesday contest judged by bear cam viewers to be the fattest bear of the season.