First Year Identified: 1989 as a spring cub; 1992 as a subadult 175 Chowmane; 1996 as an adult female 014 Cubless; and in 2002 as an adult female 410 Four-Ton.
Offspring Of: 1 Goatee is believed to be 410's mother
Known Litters of Cubs: At least 4
Darting Attempts: 410 was successfully darted in 2016 and 2017 by Ranger Michael Saxton for the genetics study. She was also successfully sampled in 2005 and 2006 when both hair and tissue samples were obtained by former wildlife biologist Tamara Olson.
410 is a large adult female. Early in summer, her coat is light to medium-brown and often shaggy. Her fall coat is darker and grizzled. She has a recognizable dished-shaped face, a droopy lower lip, and a prominent muzzle. Her claws are dark and she lacks distinctive scars. 410 is one of the oldest and largest females frequenting the Brooks River.
410 fishes almost anywhere. She has been observed fishing in Naknek Lake, the lower Brooks River, and both above and below the falls. In September and October, bear 410 often sits in the river and holds her chin high when she eats salmon. She is arugably the most human-habituated bear to be found using the Brooks River, even while caring for cubs. 410 has been observed with people and heavy equipmnt operating within 15 meters. She will sleep on the trail near the bridge, on the beach near the visitor center and lodge, and in front of or underneath the wildlife viewing platform.
410 is believed to be the 1989 offspring of 1 Goatee . 410 was part of a litter of two spring cubs. The other spring cub from 1 Goatee's litter was killed by a boar at Brooks Falls in July 1989; 410 escaped up at tree.
410 was a yearling cub that remained in the care of 1 Goatee.
410 had 3 spring cubs / cubs-of-the-year; her 3rd known litter of cubs (to us). On 11/27/2017 at 17:06 Ranger Anela popped into the bearcam comments and shared these 2004 NPS photos of 410 and her cubs :
2005 Date Unknown:
410 and her 3 yearlings , photographer unknown, BlueLily found the photo on 06/07/2017.
2005.06.21: 410 returned to Brooks River with 3 yearlings from her 2004 litter. On 11/27/2017 at 17:06 Ranger Anela popped into the bearcam comments and shared these 06/21/2005 NPS photos of 410 and her yearlings :
Early Season 2007:
(July 7, 2007 or prior) 410 nursing 2 spring cubs video :
2007.06.29: Ranger Jeanne's photo of 410 with 2 spring cubs, her 4th and last known litter.
2008.07.17: Ranger Jeanne's photo of 410 and her yearling top of falls.
2008.07.20: Ranger Jeanne photo of 410 and yearling sitting on rock far side of falls.
2008.09.20: Ranger Jeanne photo of 410 and yearling in lower river.
2010.07.21: Ranger Jeanne photo of 410 (left) eating salmon with 634 Popeye (right).
410 was included in the 2012 Bears of Brooks River iBook:
2013.07.18: Ranger Jeanne photo of 3 bears chasing 410 with fish.
2013.08.29 13:00: Ranger Mike comments that 410 has been observed recently at Brooks Camp:
2013.09.11: Ranger Mike comment re: 410 in the area:
2013.09.16: Ranger Jeanne photo of 410.
2013.09.18: Ranger Jeanne photo of 410.
410 was included in the 2014 Bears of Brooks River book on page 37:
2014.06.29: Ranger Jeanne's photo of 410.
2014.07.04: 410 nap on bank of Brooks River below Brooks Falls video by JB Grace:
2014.07.12: Ranger Jeanne's photo of 410 napping.
2014.09.06: Ranger Jeanne's photo of 410.
2014.09.12: Ranger Jeanne's photo of 410.
2014.09.14: Ranger Jeanne's photo of 409 Beadnose (left) and 410 (right) on spit.
2014.09.23: Ranger Jeanne's photo of 410.
2014.09.26: Ranger Jeanne's photo of 410.
410 was included in the 2015 Bears of Brooks River book on page 39:
410 was the inspriation for the 2015 Brooks Camp bear etiquette pin :
A pose inspired a pin. The artwork on Brooks Camp’s bear etiquette pin is influenced by Brooks River bears. In September and October, bear 410 often sits in the river and holds her chin high when she eats salmon. Her silhouette is captured on the 2015 Brooks Camp bear etiquette pin.
2015 or Prior:
410 eating salmon at top of Brooks Falls video by Nick Dale (published November 7, 2015):
2015.06.25: 856 & 410 Doing the mating dance. Poor old girl! 410 (4 ton) is the oldest and largest female frequenting Brooks area in Katmai. She's thought to be about 26.5 yrs old. 856 is one of the largest and THE most dominant male in the area. Video by DTB:
2015.07.02: 856 courting 410 near lower river gif by IslandDunesGal .
856 courting 410 on spit video by twan1945:
856 courting 410 in lower river area vdieo by DTB.
2015.07.10: 32 Chunk gets too close to 410 during the period of time that 856 is still courting 410. 856 displays his dominance regarding his access to female 410 in this video by JoeBear:
2015.07.11: 410 begging fish from 747 video by Martina:
2015.07.18: 410 photo by Truman Everts.
You like to eat. You like to sleep. You mind your own business. Maybe that’s why you’re the oldest known bear at Brooks River.
410 was thought to be a spring cub in 1989. Today, she one of the biggest female bears and routinely fishes at Brooks Falls near large adult males. 410 will fish nearly anywhere there are salmon—no matter what other bears and people are up to.
2015.08.08: 410 video by Victoria White:
2015.09.01: 410 returns to the Brooks River for the fall season.
410 video by Explore.org:2015.09.04:
410 nap and movement on the gravel bar video by BirdyGirly:
410 and 879 gif by Juergen
2015.09.13: Park visitor and cam viewer, Kathy (aka Trouble) got stuck in a bear jam on the lower river wildlife viewing platform from 12:00 - 15:20 in the pouring rain as 410 took one of her marathon naps. Kathy said that every once in a while 410 would pick her head and one paw up and they would get so excited thinking 410 was getting up and then 410 would plop her head back down. Kathy fell in love iwht 410 during her week at Brooks Camp.
2015.09.20: Mike Fitz video of 410. Mike shared the following information about the observation:
"410 is one of the oldest and most human habituated bears at Brooks River. Here, she decides to rests under the Lower River Wildlife Viewing Platform on September 20, 2015. I stood about 10 feet above her when I recorded the footage. It gave me a great opportunity to look at the details of her fur, ears, and claws."
410 leads the parade of fat bears on Spit Road for Katmai National Park & Preserve's 97th Birthday....409 Beadnose and 32 Chunk follow behind her:
Video by DTB: (click the word video to the left to see DTB's Pretty Women and A Gentlemen version).
Video by Mickey Williams:
Video by JoeBear:
410 nap video by Explore.org:410 nap video by Mickey Williams:
2015.09.27: 410 video by Mickey Williams:
2015.0x.xx Date unknown, but appears to be in Fall of 2015 (410 has her Fall coat): 410 rolls around on ground near lower river East (satellite) wildlife viewing platform. Ranger Tammy Carmack can be heard on radio with another ranger. Video by KatmaiBrownBear:
410 was included in the 2016 Bears of Brooks River book on page 46:
2016.06.19: 410 on Spit Road video by Ratna:
This early morning video by Ratna provides a great close-up view of 410's profile and her droopy bottom lip; both of which can be very helpful when trying to ID 410:
747 courting 410 video by Mickey Williams:
2016.06.27: 410 and 747 video by Arlene Beech:
410 and 747 video by Ratna (89 Backpack is the other bear in the video):
410 (background) and 747 (foreground) video by Juergen:
410 nap island downriver of Brooks Falls gif by Juergen.
2016.07.03: 410 and 480 Otis video by Mickey Williams:
2016.07.05: 410 in lower river video by Ratna:2016.07.13:
12:25: 410 enjoying some salmon video by Mickey Williams:
410 video by Melissa Freels:
410 video by Brenda D. This is a longer version of the above video by Melissa Freels. This video by Brenda D demonstrates how easily bears, even ones as large as 410 can hide in the tall grasses in the area:
410 napping under lower river wildlife viewing platform KNP&P video; click here to view video on KNP&P Facebook page.
2016.07.25: This video of 410 by Brenda D provides a helpful example of how to ID a female bear. Female bears urinate in a stream behind them. Male bears urinate between their hind legs.
2016.08.08: 410 eating salmon at Brooks Falls video by Brenda D:2016.08.10:
08:51: 32 Chunk leaves jacuzzi to fish near 410 in far pool video by Mickey Williams:
09:10: 410 catches a fish, 32 Chunk (foreground) and another bear (603 maybe in office) video by Mickey Williams:
09:16: 410 (foreground) with 32 Chunk (far pool) and other bears (603 maybe in office) (151 Walker moving up river at far wall approximately 1:49 into video and then quickly displaced by 32 Chunk when 151 Walker attempts to move into far pool) video by Mickey Williams:
09:43: 410 (center, catches fish) with 32 Chunk (right, bear that stands up on hind legs) and a mystery bear (left) video by Mickey Williams:
Martina's gif of 410 (center) with 32 (right) and a mystery bear (left).
Martina gif of 410 on spit.
410 on spit video by Cherly Burnside (aka BearNecesseties):
410 pre dawn fishing in lower river video by Ratna. You will see that signature pose that inspired the bear etiquette pin created in 410's honor:
410 video by Melissa Freels (aka MelissaInOR):
410 at sunrise video by Brenda D:
09:30: 410 digs belly hole on spit video by Mickey Williams:
410 nap on spit video by Ratna part 1:
410 nap and walk around on spit video by Ratna part 2:
2016.10.03: 410 nap on spit video by Brenda D:2016.10.04:
410 on spit video by Ratna part 1:
410 rolling around on the spit video by Ratna:
410 on the spit video by Erum Chad (aka Erie):410 moves video by Martina:
410 digs a belly hole video by Erum Chad (aka Erie):
410 moves video by Ratna:
410 nap on spit video by Cheryl Burnside:
410 and 171 family group on spit video by Brenda D: (longer than Martina's version below)
410 and 171 family group on spit video by Martina:
410 was included in the 2017 Bears of Brooks River book on page 51:
2017.06.28 12:34: 747 (foreground) and 410 (background) video by Mickey Williams:
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410 in lower Brooks River video by Anna-Marie Gantt:410 in lower river, gif by Juergen.
410 in lower river video by Ratna:
410 in lower river at approximately 13:57 video by flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):
2017.09.05 Approximately 09:15: 410 returns to Brooks Falls video by flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):
410 video by Patricia 65:
410 digs belly hole on spit video by tsaneda:
410 thinks about getting up video by tsaneda:
410 in lower river fishing, digging and napping video by Brenda D:
410 in lower river and on spit video by Ratna:
410 snorkeling in lower river video by Brenda D:
410 walks below lower river platform video by Brenda D:
2017.09.11: 410 napping on spit video by Ratna:
410 moves 09/14/2017 approximately 18:40 video by flyer 7474 (aka SteveCA):
Please obtain Lee's (aka RiverPA's ) permission prior to using their photos!
2017.09.15: 410 photos by Lee (aka RiverPA) taken at Brooks Camp 09/15/2017:
Please obtain Lee's (aka RiverPA's) permission prior to using their photos!
2017.09.17: 410 in lower river video by Brenda D:
2017.09.18: Breakfast with 410 video by Cheryl Burnside:
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Known Courting & Mating:
410 mated with 856 in 2012.
In 2013, 410 mated with 856, 747, 469, and 1 other bear.
2014.06.22: Ranger Roy 06/22/2014 comment re: 410 mating in 2013:
410 still manages to mate every year, even at her age. What we don't know is if she has cubs and does not return with them or mating does not result in cubs per Ranger Roy during 07/17/2014 09:00 live chat (approximately 49:13) . 410 was observed being courted by 856 from 06/27/2014 - 06/29/2014 by Ranger Jeanne. 410 was observed being courted by 856 on 07/22/2014 and 07/23/2014 on the live cams. Rangrer Roy discusses the 07/22/2014 - 07/23/2014 courting between 410 and 856 during the 07/23/2014 live chat session 1 at approximately 5:52 into ustream video. On 07/25/2014, Tina Crowe (aka CalliopeJane) observed 410 being courted by 856 at Margot Creek.
Beginning on 06/25/2015 and continuing into early July 2015, 410 was excessively courted by 856.
Known Litters of Cubs:
410 has had at least 4 known litters of cubs including the following known litters:
1996: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year; 1st known litter:
This spring cub died and 410 was observed burying the cub on the beach. While this is 410's first documentd litter of cubs, it is possible that 410 had an earlier litter or earlier litters prior to 1996 as the monitoring program in its current iteration did not exist when 410 was first identified as an independent bear.
1998: 1 Spring Cub / Cub-of-the-Year, 2nd known litter:
2004: 3 Spring Cubs / Cubs-of-the-Year ; 3rd known litter:
2005: 3 Yearlings :
It is not known if the cubs from 410's 2004 litter were successfully emancipated in Spring of 2006. When 410 returned to Brooks Camp in July 2006 she was not observed with her 2004 offspring per Ranger Anela's 11/28/2017 16:17 comment .
2008: 2 Yearlings :
410 lost one of these yearlings in early July 2008
Note: 410 has been observed treeing her cubs so she could go out fishing for about seven hours and would forget where she parked her cubs. 410 would go around camp vocalizing and jaw popping at everything that made noise until she found her cubs again. Even at her age, 410 still manages to mate every year. What is not known is if she has cubs and does not return to the Brooks River are with then, or if mating does not result in the production of cubs.
Mother: 1 Goatee:
1 Goatee is believed to be 410's mother